1 do without or cease to hold or adhere to; "We are dispensing with formalities"; "relinquish the old ideas" [syn: relinquish, forgo, foreswear, dispense with]
2 lose or lose the right to by some error, offense, or crime [syn: forfeit, give up, throw overboard, forgo] [ant: claim]
EtymologyFrom weiven to abandon
- wāv, /weɪv/, /weIv/
- Rhymes: Rhymes: -e?v
- A waif; a castaway. - John Donne
- A woman put out of the protection of the law.
- To relinquish; to give up claim to; not to insist on or claim; to refuse; to forego.
- To throw away; to cast off; to reject; to desert.
- To throw away; to relinquish voluntarily, as a right which one
may enforce if he chooses; to give up a right, privilege or
restriction; as with a waiver.
- If you waive the right to be silent, anything you say can be used against you in a court of law.
- To desert; to abandon. - Burrill
- To turn aside; to recede.
- To waive from the word of Solomon. - Geoffrey Chaucer
Usage notesThe term was applied to a woman, in the same sense as outlaw to a man. A woman could not be outlawed, in the proper sense of the word, because, according to Bracton, she was never in law, that is, in a frankpledge or decennary; but she might be waived, and held as abandoned. --Burrill.
While a waiver is often in writing, sometimes a person's actions can act as a waiver. An example of a written waiver is a disclaimer, which becomes a waiver when accepted. Other names for waivers are exculpatory clauses, releases, or hold harmless clauses.
Sometimes the elements of "voluntary" and "known" are established by a legal fiction. In this case, it is presumed one knows his or her rights and that those rights are voluntarily relinquished if they are not asserted at the time.
In civil procedure, certain arguments must be raised in the first objection that a party submits to the court, or else they will be deemed waived.
Enforceability of waiversThe following represent a general overview of considerations; specifics may vary dramatically depending on the jurisdiction.
The key factor that courts look at when determining the applicability of a waiver are:
- A waiver can only release negligent activity, not intentional activity.
- The waiver must be signed voluntarily and with the full knowledge of the right being waived.
- The waiver must be unambiguous and clear.
- The parties to the waiver must have equal bargaining power.
- A waiver cannot be applied to an essential service that would make it a matter of public policy.
Waivers have been found unenforceable in some cases. For example, a waiver was deemed too general as it included phrases such as "and otherwise".
Personal jurisdictionIn the case of Insurance Corp. of Ireland v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee, 456 U.S. 694 (1982) the United States Supreme Court decided that when a court orders a party to produce proof on a certain point, and that party refuses to comply with the court's order, the court may deem that refusal to be a waiver of the right to contest that point, and assume that the proof would show whatever the opposing party claims that it would. In the case itself, the defendant had argued that the court lacked personal jurisdiction over it, but refused a court order to produce evidence of this lack of jurisdiction. The defendant argued the circular logic that, because the court lacked jurisdiction, the court had no authority to issue an order to show proof of the lack of jurisdiction. The Supreme Court rejected that argument, and determined that the defendant's refusal to comply waived the right to contest jurisdiction, just as if it had never contested jurisdiction at all.
waive in Spanish: Renuncia
waive in Japanese: ウェーバー公示
abandon, abdicate, abjure, abolish, abrogate, abstain, acknowledge defeat, adjourn, admit, admit exceptions, allow, allow for, annul, brush aside, cancel, cease, cede, chuck, chuck out, come off, concede, consider, consider the circumstances, consider the source, contemn, continue, contradict, countermand, counterorder, cry quits, cut out, decline, defer, delay, deny, desist, desist from, despise, disannul, disapprove, discard, disclaim, discontinue, discount, disdain, disgorge, dismiss, disown, dispense with, dispose of, disregard, disuse, do away with, do without, drag out, drop, dump, except, exclude, extend, forbear, forgo, forswear, get along without, get rid of, give away, give over, give up, grant, hand over, hang fire, hang up, have done with, hold back, hold off, hold over, hold up, ignore, invalidate, keep back, keep in hand, kiss good-bye, lay aside, lay by, lay down, lay over, leave, leave off, let alone, let go, lift temporarily, make a sacrifice, make allowance for, make void, nol-pros, not pursue with, not touch, not use, nullify, override, overrule, part with, pass by, pass up, pigeonhole, postpone, prolong, prorogate, prorogue, protract, provide for, push aside, put aside, put behind one, put off, put on ice, quit, quitclaim, rebuff, recall, recant, recess, refrain, refuse, refuse to consider, reject, relax, relax the condition, relinquish, render up, renege, renounce, repeal, repel, repudiate, repulse, rescind, reserve, resign, retract, reverse, revoke, sacrifice, save, scout, set aside, set by, shelve, shift off, shove away, sleep on, spare, spurn, stand over, stave off, stay, stop, stretch out, surrender, suspend, swear off, table, take a recess, take account of, take into account, take into consideration, throw away, throw out, throw up, turn away, turn out, turn up, vacate, void, withdraw, write off, yield